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Rare Rides: A 1990 UMM Alter II, Lots of Lime

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What would you name a car designed in France out of elements from a Jeep, then inbuilt Portugal by an organization which beforehand ceased to exist?

UMM.

The story of the UMM began out with a French firm referred to as Cournil. Based by Bernard Cournil early within the twentieth century, the corporate initially made its enterprise altering American Jeeps in publish-WWII France. The army left many Jeeps behind, and Cournil modified them for agricultural utilization.

Cournil’s lot improved within the late forties, by way of a stroke of luck. Struggling French luxurious car producer Hotchkiss began constructing licensed Jeeps in France, and Cournil turned a regional distributor for the utility automobiles. After a couple of years, he inked a cope with Willys Jeep and commenced his personal manufacture.

What began out as a shoestring meeting result in enhancements, because it appeared Cournil was a tinkerer. As he listened to buyer considerations over the Jeeps he produced, he made edits. A revised transmission right here, a special engine there. Ultimately Cournil decided the Jeep chassis was not appropriate for the agricultural work of his clients, and dumped it. His creation was first recognized regionally because the Tracteur Cournil, and was utilized in mining and agricultural purposes.

In 1960, the Cournil turned its personal vehicle. The corporate launched their very own chassis on the Cournil Tracteur JA1. The subsequent yr, the design was modified to look extra Cournil and fewer Jeep. The Tracteur stayed in manufacturing all through the early Seventies, however hassle brewed on the financial institution.

Bernard’s son Alain took over the group after a chapter in 1970, and produced only a few Tracteurs between 1971 and 1977. At that time, the household behind the identify cut up the operation in two. The French half went to French armaments producer Gevarm, whereas a brand new Portugese half was bought to UMM of Portugal.

União Metalo-Mecânica was based in 1977, with the intent of manufacturing 4-wheel drive utility automobiles for industrial and agricultural makes use of. In complete, UMM constructed six totally different variations of the Cournil, which remained in manufacturing from 1977 via 1996. UMMs had success in heavy use purposes, and even ran within the Paris-Dakar rally.

Between 1986 and 1994, UMM constructed the Alter II, seen right here. Developments over its predecessor (the Alter) included a brand new 4-velocity guide, switch case, and suspension. Engines used have been principally of 2.5 liters in displacement, with both 4 or six cylinders, and in standard and turbodiesel codecs. A protected assumption is round seventy five to one hundred horsepower.

The Alter II ceased manufacturing in 1994, at which era UMM discontinued civilian vehicle choices. It continued to take giant orders from army and utility clients by way of round 1996. Shortly afterward, UMM meant to introduce a brand new mannequin referred to as the Alter 2000, however had no funds to spend money on its improvement. In the present day UMM exists as a metalwork firm.

The lime inexperienced three-door that’s as we speak’s Rare Journey is situated at a supplier in Florida. A 1990 mannequin with a surprising 455 miles, the UMM asks $26,900. Value it?

[Images: seller]

– Rare Rides: A 1990 UMM Alter II, Lots of Lime –

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